Health Inequalities During COVID-19 and Their Effects on Morbidity and Mortality

J Healthc Leadersh. 2021 Jan 19;13:19-26. doi: 10.2147/JHL.S270175. eCollection 2021.


Inequalities in health have existed for many decades and have led to unjust consequences in morbidity and mortality. These have become even more apparent during the COVID-19 pandemic with individuals from black and minority ethnic groups, poorer socioeconomic backgrounds, urban and rurally deprived locations, and vulnerable groups of society suffering the full force of its effects. This review is highlighting the current disparities that exist within different societies, that subsequently demonstrate COVID-19, does in fact, discriminate against disadvantaged individuals. Also explored in detail are the measures that can and should be taken to improve equality and provide equitable distribution of healthcare resources amongst underprivileged communities.

Keywords: coronavirus; geographical location; health inequalities; socioeconomic status; vulnerable populations.

Publication types

  • Review

Grant support

No funding obtained.