The use of D-chiro-Inositol in clinical practice

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2021 Jan;25(1):438-446. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202101_24412.


Objective: D-chiro-Inositol has been widely used in clinical practice to induce ovulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Only recent evidence established that this molecule acts through two different mechanisms, with potentially different outcomes. On the one hand, under a metabolic perspective, D-chiro-Inositol improves insulin signaling, thus restoring physiological insulin levels in resistant subjects. On the other hand, at a cellular level, it downregulates the expression of steroidogenic enzyme aromatase, which is responsible for the conversion of androgens to estrogens.

Materials and methods: We reviewed current literature in different databases, searching for D-chiro-Inositol in relation with one of the following keywords: myo-inositol, PCOS, infertility, insulin resistance, aromatase, androgen and inositol, testosterone, estrogen and inositol, estradiol, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, fat tissue, estrogens and cancer, anovulation, uterine myoma, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia.

Results: D-Chiro-Inositol treatment may be helpful in restoring physiological hormonal levels in various clinical disorders. However, D-Chiro-Inositol intervention should be carefully designed to avoid possible undesired side effects stemming from its multiple mechanisms of action.

Conclusions: We evaluated the optimal D Chiro-Inositol administration for different pathologies, defining dosages and timing. Even though further studies are required to validate our preliminary results, this paper is primarily intended to guide researchers through some of the pathways of D-Chiro-Inositol.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aromatase / genetics
  • Aromatase / metabolism
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inositol / administration & dosage
  • Inositol / adverse effects
  • Inositol / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Male
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / drug therapy*


  • Insulin
  • Inositol
  • Aromatase