Implementation of the Randomized Embedded Multifactorial Adaptive Platform for COVID-19 (REMAP-COVID) trial in a US health system-lessons learned and recommendations

Trials. 2021 Jan 28;22(1):100. doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-04997-6.


Background: The Randomized Embedded Multifactorial Adaptive Platform for COVID-19 (REMAP-COVID) trial is a global adaptive platform trial of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. We describe implementation at the first US site, the UPMC health system, and offer recommendations for implementation at other sites.

Methods: To implement REMAP-COVID, we focused on six major areas: engaging leadership, trial embedment, remote consent and enrollment, regulatory compliance, modification of traditional trial management procedures, and alignment with other COVID-19 studies.

Results: We recommend aligning institutional and trial goals and sharing a vision of REMAP-COVID implementation as groundwork for learning health system development. Embedment of trial procedures into routine care processes, existing institutional structures, and the electronic health record promotes efficiency and integration of clinical care and clinical research. Remote consent and enrollment can be facilitated by engaging bedside providers and leveraging institutional videoconferencing tools. Coordination with the central institutional review board will expedite the approval process. Protocol adherence, adverse event monitoring, and data collection and export can be facilitated by building electronic health record processes, though implementation can start using traditional clinical trial tools. Lastly, establishment of a centralized institutional process optimizes coordination of COVID-19 studies.

Conclusions: Implementation of the REMAP-COVID trial within a large US healthcare system is feasible and facilitated by multidisciplinary collaboration. This investment establishes important groundwork for future learning health system endeavors.

Trial registration: NCT02735707 . Registered on 13 April 2016.

Keywords: Adaptive trial; COVID-19; Clinical trial; Coronavirus; Platform trial; SARS-CoV-2.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial Protocol

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • COVID-19 / therapy*
  • Clinical Trials, Phase IV as Topic
  • Community-Acquired Infections / therapy*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic
  • Pneumonia / therapy*
  • Point-of-Care Systems
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • SARS-CoV-2


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antiviral Agents

Associated data