Associations between self-reported and objective face recognition abilities are only evident in above- and below-average recognisers

PeerJ. 2021 Jan 11:9:e10629. doi: 10.7717/peerj.10629. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

The 20-Item Prosopagnosia Items (PI-20) was recently introduced as a self-report measure of face recognition abilities and as an instrument to help the diagnosis of prosopagnosia. In general, studies using this questionnaire have shown that observers have moderate to strong insights into their face recognition abilities. However, it remains unknown whether these insights are equivalent for the whole range of face recognition abilities. The present study investigates this issue using the Mandarin version of the PI-20 and the Cambridge Face Memory Test Chinese (CFMT-Chinese). Our results showed a moderate negative association between the PI-20 and the CFMT-Chinese. However, this association was driven by people with low and high face recognition ability, but absent in people within the typical range of face recognition performance. The implications of these results for the study of individual differences and the diagnosis of prosopagnosia are discussed.

Keywords: Cambridge face memory test; Developmental prosopagnosia; Individual differences in face recognition; Prosopagnosia index; Self-reported face recognition abilities.

Grants and funding

The authors received no funding for this work.