Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparat Delays Skin Aging by Inducing Mitophagy

Biomed Res Int. 2021 Jan 13;2021:5847153. doi: 10.1155/2021/5847153. eCollection 2021.


Background: As the skin is the largest organ of the human body, it is aging inevitably and produces cosmetic and psychological problems, and even disease. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms related to the prevention of skin aging need to be further explored.

Methods: Aging models were constructed by D-galactose. Mice were administrated with polygoni multiflori radix preparat (PMRP), PMRP and 3-methyladenine, or PMRP and rapamycin intragastrically. The apparent and viscera index of aged rats was measured. Then, the physicochemical property, antioxidant ability, histological structure, mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP and ROS levels, and mitophagy of aged skins were determined. Finally, the expression of PINK1, Parkin, P62, and LC3II/I; apoptosis-related proteins; and the percentage of apoptotic cells were measured.

Results: PMRP relieved skin aging with reducing of thymus index, improvement of pathological damage and histological structure, increase of the expression area of fibrous tissue, the ratio of type I to type III collagen, and antioxidant ability of aged skins. Importantly, PMRP also improved mitochondrial dysfunction with an increase in the content of mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP and a decrease of ROS levels. Moreover, mitophagy was enhanced with the treatment of PMRP when observed using electron microscopy, and the expression of PINK1, Parkin, and LC3I/II was increased with PMRP treatment but P62 expression was decreased. Meanwhile, PMRP alleviated apoptosis with a decrease of apoptotic cell and the expression of Cleaved-cas3, Bax, Cyt-c, AIF, and Smac as well as an increase of Bcl-2 expression.

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that the polygoni multiflori radix preparata may delay skin aging by inducing mitophagy.

MeSH terms

  • Adenine / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenine / pharmacology
  • Aging / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / chemistry
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / pharmacology*
  • Fallopia multiflora / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial / drug effects
  • Mitophagy / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Sirolimus / pharmacology
  • Skin / chemistry
  • Skin / drug effects*
  • Skin / metabolism
  • Skin / pathology
  • Skin Aging / drug effects*
  • Skin Aging / physiology


  • Antioxidants
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • 3-methyladenine
  • Adenine
  • Sirolimus