Omenn syndrome is a rare combined immunodeficiency mostly associated with RAG1 and RAG2 mutations; the clinical manifestations are well-described and include neonatal erythroderma. Mortality due to opportunistic infections is a serious risk, and a timely diagnosis with a skin biopsy is an important part of the diagnostic workup. We wish to highlight key clinical features of Omenn syndrome and discuss the relevance of a skin biopsy.
Keywords: erythroderma; genetic diseases/mechanisms; immunodeficiency; neonatal.
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