A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis on the efficacy of dapagliflozin in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Pharmacol Res. 2021 Mar;165:105456. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105456. Epub 2021 Jan 27.


Formulation of insulin analogs and its delivery are developed in over recent years but glycemic control in most patients with type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is not adequate yet. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of dapagliflozin in patients with type-1 DM. The MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Science databases were searched up to Aug 2020 to identify the potential literature. Random-effects model (DerSimonian and Laird method) was used to estimate the pooled effect size as weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95 % confidence interval (CI). Five randomized placebo-controlled trials with 11 arms were included in the quantitative analysis. The pooled results suggested a significant reduction in glycated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C; WMD: -0.36 %, 95 % CI: -0.55, -0.18), body weight (WMD: -4.02 kg, 95 % CI: -4.78, -3.25), and total daily insulin dose (TDID; WMD: -10.36 %, 95 % CI: -13.42, -7.29), as well as an increase in 24-h urinary glucose excretion (24-h UGE; WMD: 90.02 g/24-h, 95 % CI: 72.96, 107.09) in dapagliflozin group compared to control group. Dose of dapagliflozin had a significant effect on body weight reduction (Coef = -3.7, p = 0.01) and 24-h UGE (coef = 0.85, p = 0.005). Pooled results of this meta-analysis identified a significant reduction in HbA1c levels, body weight, and TDID, and a substantial increase in 24-h UGE in patients who received dapagliflozin versus placebo.

Keywords: Dapagliflozin; HbA1c levels; Insulin; Type 1 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review