Prognostic Significance of End-Stage Liver Diseases, Respiratory Tract Infection, and Chronic Kidney Diseases in Symptomatic Acute Hepatitis E

Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2021 Jan 15:10:593674. doi: 10.3389/fcimb.2020.593674. eCollection 2020.


Symptomatic hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is sporadic, and usually occurs in a limited number of infected patients, which hinders the investigation of risk factors for clinical outcomes in patients with acute HEV infection. A retrospective cohort study enrolling 1913 patients with symptomatic acute hepatitis E in Beijing 302 Hospital from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2018 was conducted. The baseline characteristics, clinical features and laboratory data of these HEV infection cases were analyzed. Albumin (ALB), platelet (PLT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (T-BiL), international normalized ratio (INR) and serum creatinine (SCR) levels, along with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, hospitalization days, co-morbidity number and mortality were taken as major parameters for comparing the clinical manifestations in our study. We found that not all pre-existing chronic liver diseases exacerbate clinical manifestations of acute hepatitis E. Alcoholic hepatitis, fatty liver hepatitis, hepatic cyst, drug-induced hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma were not significantly associated with mortality of HEV patients. Among all of the comorbidities, end-stage liver diseases (ESLDs, including ascites, cirrhosis, hepatic coma and hepatorenal syndrome), respiratory tract infection and chronic kidney diseases (CKDs, including renal insufficiency and renal failure) were found to remarkably increase the mortality of patients with symptomatic HEV infection. Furthermore, the severity evaluation indexes (SEI), such as MELD score, duration of hospital stay, and co-morbidity number in HEV patients with underlying comorbidities were much worse than that of their counterparts without relevant comorbidities.

Keywords: chronic kidney diseases; clinical outcome; end-stage liver diseases; prognostic significance; respiratory tract infection; symptomatic HEV infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • End Stage Liver Disease*
  • Hepatitis E* / complications
  • Hepatitis E* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index