Characterization of human bone marrow niches with metabolome and transcriptome profiling

J Cell Sci. 2021 Mar 11;134(6):jcs250720. doi: 10.1242/jcs.250720.


Bone marrow (BM) niches are special microenvironments that work in harmony with each other for the regulation and maintenance of hematopoiesis. Niche investigations have thus far been limited to various model organisms and animal studies; therefore, little is known about different niches in healthy humans. In this study, a special harvesting method for the collection of BM from two different anatomical regions in the iliac crest of humans was used to investigate the presence of different niches in BM. Additionally, metabolomic and transcriptomic profiles were compiled using comparative 'omics' technologies, and the main cellular pathways and corresponding transcripts and metabolites were identified. As a result, we found that the energy metabolism between the regions was different. This study provides basic broad data for regenerative medicine in terms of the design of the appropriate microenvironment for in vitro hematopoietic niche modeling, and identifies the normal reference values that can be compared in hematological disease.

Keywords: Bone marrow; Hematopoietic stem cells; Mesenchymal stem cells; Metabolomics; Niche; Transcriptomics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Cells
  • Bone Marrow*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Hematopoiesis / genetics
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
  • Humans
  • Metabolome / genetics
  • Stem Cell Niche* / genetics