High Cardiovascular Risk in Older Men with Poor Bone Microarchitecture-The Prospective STRAMBO Study

J Bone Miner Res. 2021 May;36(5):879-891. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4261. Epub 2021 Feb 26.


Data on the association between bone microarchitecture and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in men are scarce. We studied the link of bone microarchitecture and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) with the risk of major adverse coronary event (MACE) in a cohort of men aged 60 to 87 years followed prospectively for 8 years. At baseline, aBMD was measured using a Hologic Discovery-A device. Bone microarchitecture was assessed at distal radius and tibia by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (XtremeCT Scanco device). During the study, 53 men had incident MACE. The analyses were adjusted for confounders related to bone and CVD. In 813 men (53 MACEs), higher aBMD at the lumbar spine, hip, whole body, and radius was associated with lower risk of MACE (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.44-0.71/SD, p < .025 to < .001). In 745 men having valid distal radius scan (47 MACEs), higher cortical density (Ct.BMD) and higher cortical thickness (Ct.Thd ) were associated with lower risk of MACE. This risk was higher in men in the lowest quintile of cortical measures versus the four upper quintiles combined (Ct.BMD: HR = 2.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08-4.17, p < .025). Findings were similar in 779 men having valid distal tibia scan (48 MACEs). At both sites, higher estimated stiffness and higher failure load were associated with a lower risk of MACE. The risk of MACE was higher in men in the lowest quintile of the measures of bone strength versus four upper quintiles jointly (distal radius stiffness: HR = 2.46, 95% CI 1.27-4.74, p < .01). Similar results were obtained in 638 men without prior fragility fracture and in 689 men without ischemic heart disease at baseline. Thus, in older men followed prospectively for 8 years, higher aBMD, preserved cortical bone status, and higher estimated bone strength were associated with lower risk of MACE after adjustment for relevant confounders. © 2021 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).


Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone and Bones / diagnostic imaging
  • Cardiovascular Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Cardiovascular Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Heart Disease Risk Factors
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors