Background: The aim of this study is to assess the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) with both short- and long-term follow-up.
Methods: For a consecutive period of eight months, the FJS was sent to all patients who had undergone either a primary TKA or UKA either one, five or ten years previously at our institution. Patient demographics and operative details were recorded retrospectively. FJS were collected for three different TKA prosthesis and two different UKA prosthesis.
Results: A total of 588 FJS questionnaires were completed consisting of 482 TKA and 106 UKA procedures. The mean FJS for patients with TKA and UKA were 50.2 and 65.4 respectively (p < 0.001). Mean FJS for the ZUK were statistically superior to the Oxford UKA, 73.1 versus 60.1 (p = 0.020). For TKA mean FJS were statistically better at five compared to one year follow up, 53.8 versus 44.8 (p = 0.007). For UKA the mean FJJs were greatest at 10 year follow up (69.0), but the difference between scores at one (60.4) and five (68.4) years was not statistically significant (p = 0.243).
Conclusion: This cross-sectional study has shown; superior FJSs for UKA compared to TKA and superior FJSs for a fixed bearing compared to a mobile bearing UKA and therefore supports the use of UKA opposed to TKA where the indications for UKA are satisfied. For TKA the FJS in the five-year post-operative group were significantly superior to those in the one-year post-operative group.
Keywords: Fixed bearing; Forgotten joint score; Knee arthroplasty; Mobile bearing; Unicondylar knee arthroplasty.
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