Correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and diabetic retinopathy: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Jan 29;100(4):e23697. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000023697.


Background: Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes with a high incidence, and vitamin D deficiency is associated with diabetic retinopathy. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25-hydroxy-vitamind, 25 (OH) D], a product of vitamin D in the body, is considered the best indicator of a person's vitamin D nutritional status, and can be determined by measuring the concentration of 25 (OH) D. The purpose of this study is to systematically evaluate the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels and diabetic retinopathy.

Methods: To search English databases (PubMed, Excerpta Medical Database (Embase), Web of Science, the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (Chinese National Knowledge Internet, Development, and Evaluation (CNKI), WanFang, Viper, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database) by computer about Clinical study on the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and diabetic retinopathy from the establishment of the database to November 2020. Two researchers independently conducted data extraction and literature quality evaluation on the quality of the included studies, and meta-analysis is conducted on the included literatures using Stata12.0 and RevMan5.3 software.

Conclusion: In this study, the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and diabetic retinopathy was systematically evaluated to provide an evidence-based basis for clinicians.

Ethics and dissemination: Private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also does not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval was not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated at relevant conferences.

Osf registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/CQY94.

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / blood*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / etiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Nutritional Status
  • Research Design
  • Systematic Reviews as Topic
  • Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vitamin D / blood
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / blood
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / complications*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology


  • Vitamin D
  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D