Background: Autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous with over 110 genes causally implicated in syndromic and non-syndromic hearing loss. Here, we investigate the genetic etiology of deafness in two GJB2 and GJB6 negative patients presenting with pre-lingual, progressive, severe hearing loss.
Methods: Targeted exome sequencing (TES) using Next Generation Illumina Sequencing was used to analyze the exonic and some other important genomic regions of 154 genes in the proband. Subsequently, the mutation found was confirmed by Sanger sequencing in other affected sibling and healthy family members. The possible impact of the reported mutation on the corresponding protein was also evaluated by using bioinformatics tools. Moreover, the affected patients underwent audiological and ophthalmic evaluations.
Results: TES identified a novel homozygous missense mutation c.251T>C (p.I84T) in exon 3 of PDZD7 gene. In addition, segregation and phenotype-genotype correlation analysis as well as in-silico evaluations confirmed the autosomal recessive inheritance pattern and disease-causing nature of mutation found.
Conclusions: In overall, our finding could expand the pathogenic mutations spectrum and strengthens the clinical importance of the PDZD7 gene in ARNSHL patients. It can also aid to conduct genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis and clinical management of these types of genetic disorders.
Keywords: ARNSHL; Iran; Missense mutation; PDZD7 gene; Targeted exome sequencing.