Periprosthetic hip fractures: an update into their management and clinical outcomes

EFORT Open Rev. 2021 Jan 4;6(1):75-92. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.6.200050. eCollection 2021 Jan.


The Vancouver classification is still a useful tool of communication and stratification of periprosthetic fractures, but besides the three parameters it considers, clinicians should also assess additional factors.Combined advanced trauma and arthroplasty skills must be available in departments managing these complex injuries.Preoperative confirmation of the THA (total hip arthroplasty) stability is sometimes challenging. The most reliable method remains intraoperative assessment during surgical exploration of the hip joint.Certain B1 fractures will benefit from revision surgery, whilst some B2 fractures can be effectively managed with osteosynthesis, especially in frail patients.Less invasive osteosynthesis, balanced plate-bone constructs, composite implant solutions, together with an appropriate reduction of the limb axis, rotation and length are critical for a successful fixation and uneventful fracture healing. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:75-92. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.6.200050.

Keywords: Vancouver classification; femur; hip; hip arthroplasty; hip replacement; interprosthetic fractures; periprosthetic fractures.

Publication types

  • Review