Pseudo-Protrusio Acetabular Deformity in Osteogenesis Imperfecta Patients

J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Mar 1;41(3):e285-e290. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001739.


Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) can develop a protrusio acetabuli deformity. However, the authors observed a pseudo-protrusio-type acetabular deformity (PPAD) on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). Hence, we systematically reviewed 3D-CT and pelvis radiographs of OI patients and report the incidence and patterns of acetabular deformity in OI patients and the associated radiographic signs.

Methods: The study included 590 hips of 295 OI patients, who were older than 5 years, and did not have a pelvic fracture. The incidence of a deformed acetabulum (center-edge angle >40 degrees) and its correlation with disease severity were investigated. In 40 hips for which 3D-CT was available, 3-dimensional morphology of the acetabular deformity was analyzed to delineate PPAD. On plain radiographs, PPAD-related signs were determined, focusing on the contour of ilioischial line, iliopectineal line, acetabular line, and their relationship. These radiographic signs were also evaluated in the remaining hips with deformed acetabula that did not have 3D-CT.

Results: One hundred twenty-three hips of 590 hips (21%) showed deformed acetabula. The incidence of deformed acetabula was significantly associated with disease severity (P<0.001). Three-dimensional analysis showed that 10 hips had protrusio acetabuli, whereas 17 had PPAD, which showed that the hemipelvis was crumpled, the acetabular roof was rotated upwardly and medially, and the hip center migrated superiorly, uncovering the anterior femoral head. Among the PPAD-related signs, superomedial bulging of the iliopectineal line was the most predictive radiographic sign (73% sensitivity and 100% specificity). This sign was also observed in almost one third of deformed acetabula of those investigated only with plain radiographs.

Conclusions: This study showed that acetabular deformity is common in OI patients and is associated with disease severity. A substantial number of hips showed PPAD, which may not cause femoroacetabular impingement but result in anterior uncovering of the hip joint. Superomedial bulging of the iliopectineal line suggests this pattern of acetabular deformity.

Level of evidence: Lever IV-prognostic studies.

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / abnormalities*
  • Acetabulum / diagnostic imaging
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Female
  • Femur Head / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / classification
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / complications*
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Young Adult