Comparison of baseline and repeated measure covariate techniques in the Framingham Heart Study

Stat Med. 1988 Jan-Feb;7(1-2):205-22. doi: 10.1002/sim.4780070122.


The purpose of this paper is to indicate how repeated measures on risk factors have been employed in the prediction of the development of disease in the Framingham Heart Study. Since these measures vary over time, the method accounts for time dependent covariates. The technique is a generalized person-years approach in that it treats each observation interval (of equal length) as a mini-follow-up study in which the current risk factor measurements are employed to predict an event in the interval. Observations over multiple intervals are pooled into a single sample to predict the short term risk of an event. This approach is compared to the long-term prediction of disease which utilizes only the baseline measurements and ignores subsequent repeated measures on the risk factors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Death, Sudden / epidemiology*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massachusetts
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
  • Probability*
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors