Pancreaticoduodenectomy after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in an elderly patient with severe aortic stenosis and pancreas cancer: A case report

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021 Jan 21;62:207-210. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.01.050. eCollection 2021 Feb.

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Not only pancreatic cancer but also aortic stenosis (AS) is increasing with the aging population. There is no optimal strategy for elderly patients with both pancreatic cancer and AS. We report a case of pancreatic head cancer with severe AS undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Case presentation: An 88-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of severe AS with symptoms of heart failure. Preoperative examination revealed resectable pancreatic head cancer, so TAVI was performed before PD to reduce the perioperative risk. The patient underwent PD 34 days after TAVI, with no significant postoperative complications, and was transferred to the other hospital for rehabilitation on postoperative day 45. No recurrence was observed at more than 7 months without adjuvant therapy.

Clinical discussion: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is recommended before non-cardiac surgery in patients with symptomatic severe AS. Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is the standard treatment. However, owing to the highly invasive procedure and increased perioperative risk, SAVR is usually avoided in elderly patients with malignancy and severe AS. We demonstrated that TAVI followed by PD could be safely performed in high-risk elderly patients presenting with both severe AS and pancreatic head cancer. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of PD after TAVI in a patient with severe AS.

Conclusion: We demonstrated that TAVI followed by PD could be safely performed in high-risk elderly patients presenting with severe AS and co-existing malignancy.

Keywords: AS, Aortic stenosis; Aortic stenosis; CPB, Cardiopulmonary bypass; CT, computed tomography; DAPT, dual antiplatelet therapy; PD, Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Pancreatic head cancer; Pancreaticoduodenectomy; SAVR, Surgical aortic valve replacement; TAVI, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports