The canine activated platelet secretome (CAPS): A translational model of thrombin-evoked platelet activation response

Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2020 Dec 3;5(1):55-68. doi: 10.1002/rth2.12450. eCollection 2021 Jan.


Background: Domestic dogs represent a translational animal model to study naturally occurring human disease. Proteomics has emerged as a promising tool for characterizing human platelet pathophysiology; thus a detailed characterization of the core canine activated platelet secretome (CAPS) will enhance utilization of the canine model. The objectives of this study were development of a robust, high throughput, label-free approach for proteomic identification and quantification of the canine platelet (i) thrombin releasate proteins, and (ii) the protein subgroup that constitutes CAPS.

Methods: Platelets were isolated from 10 healthy dogs and stimulated with 50 nmol/L of γ-thrombin or saline. Proteins were in-solution trypsin-digested and analyzed by nano-liquid chromatography-tandem spectrometry. Core releasate proteins were defined as those present in 10 of 10 dogs, and CAPS defined as releasate proteins with a significantly higher abundance in stimulated versus saline controls (corrected P < .05).

Results: A total of 2865 proteins were identified; 1126 releasate proteins were present in all dogs, 650 were defined as CAPS. Among the differences from human platelets were a canine lack of platelet factor 4 and vascular endothelial growth factor C, and a 10- to 20-fold lower concentration of proteins such as haptoglobin, alpha-2 macroglobulin, von Willebrand factor, and amyloid-beta A4. Twenty-eight CAPS proteins, including cytokines, adhesion molecules, granule proteins, and calcium regulatory proteins have not previously been attributed to human platelets.

Conclusions: CAPS proteins represent a robust characterization of a large animal platelet secretome and a novel tool to model platelet physiology, pathophysiology, and to identify translational biomarkers of platelet-mediated disease.

Keywords: dog; platelet; proteomics; releasate; secretion.