miR-24 Targets the Transmembrane Glycoprotein Neuropilin-1 in Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells

Noncoding RNA. 2021 Feb 2;7(1):9. doi: 10.3390/ncrna7010009.


Neuropilin-1 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that has been implicated in several processes including angiogenesis and immunity. Recent evidence has also shown that it is implied in the cellular internalization of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We hypothesized that specific microRNAs can target Neuropilin-1. By combining bioinformatic and functional approaches, we identified miR-24 as a regulator of Neuropilin-1 transcription. Since Neuropilin-1 has been shown to play a key role in the endothelium-mediated regulation of the blood-brain barrier, we validated miR-24 as a functional modulator of Neuropilin-1 in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hBMECs), which are the most suitable cell line for an in vitro blood-brain barrier model.

Keywords: ACE2; Akt; CD304; COVID-19; NRP1; SARS-CoV-2; VEGF; VEGF165R; blood–brain barrier; brain; coronavirus; endothelium; epigenetics; hBMEC; miR-24-3p; microRNA; neurology; non-coding RNA; vascular permeability.