Immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionised cancer treatment; however, immune-related adverse events do occur, with up to 7% developing inflammatory arthritis. Common rheumatoid arthritis therapies such as methotrexate, prednisolone and biologics have been used to treat this arthritis in small, uncontrolled case series with varying success. In this case of personalised medicine, we report the first use of tofacitinib, a small molecular inhibitor of the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway, to treat checkpoint inhibitor-related inflammatory arthritis. This resulted in a rapid clinical response and complete, sustained remission of the arthritis with associated marked reduction in synovial molecular and cellular immune response.
Keywords: drugs: musculoskeletal and joint diseases; malignant disease and immunosuppression.
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