Clinical significance of enterocyte-specific gene polymorphisms as candidate markers of oxaliplatin-based treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer

Pharmacogenomics J. 2021 Jun;21(3):285-295. doi: 10.1038/s41397-021-00207-x. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) can be classified into subtypes based on gene expression signatures. Patients with stage III enterocyte subtype of the CRC Assigner classifier have been shown to benefit from oxaliplatin adjuvant therapy. Here, we investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in two enterocyte subtype-related genes, MS4A12 and CDX2, could predict the efficacy of oxaliplatin in first-line treatment for patients with metastatic CRC (mCRC). Three cohorts of patients were included: a discovery cohort receiving FOLFOX ± bevacizumab (BEV) (n = 146), a validation cohort receiving FOLFOXIRI + BEV (n = 230), and a control cohort receiving FOLFIRI + BEV (n = 228). SNPs were analyzed by PCR-based direct sequencing. In the discovery cohort, MS4A12 rs4939378 and CDX2 rs3812863 were identified as potential markers of efficacy. In the validation cohort, any G allele of MS4A12 rs4939378 was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) than the A/A variant in both univariate analysis (12.4 vs. 10.9 months, hazard ratio [HR] 0.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49-0.99, P = 0.033) and multivariable analysis (HR 0.65, 95%CI 0.44-0.97, P = 0.035) in patients expressing wild-type KRAS, but not mutant KRAS. In contrast, longer PFS was observed for patients expressing the CDX2 rs3812863 G/G variant than any A allele in univariate analysis (32.3 vs. 10.3 months, HR 0.39, 95%CI 0.19-0.81, P = 0.004) only in patients expressing mutant KRAS. These findings were not observed in the control cohort. Thus, MS4A12 and CDX2 SNPs may have utility as predictive biomarkers of response to oxaliplatin-based treatment in mCRC patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't