Influenza virus ISCOMs: antibody response in animals

Vaccine. 1988 Feb;6(1):49-53. doi: 10.1016/0264-410x(88)90014-x.

Abstract

A monovalent experimental ISCOM vaccine has been prepared with the envelope glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase of the equine virus strain A/Solvalla/79 (H3N8). In vaccination trials on BALB/c mice the ISCOM vaccine induced more than ten times higher serum antibody titres measured in ELISA than a corresponding experimental micelle vaccine. Similarly, in guinea-pigs the ISCOMs induced about tenfold higher haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and neuraminidase inhibition (NI) titres than a micelle vaccine or a conventional killed influenza whole virus vaccine. Horses vaccinated with a divalent experimental ISCOM vaccine, containing the equine strains A/Prague/56 (H7N7) and A/Solvalla/79 (H3N8), responded with ELISA antibody titres against haemagglutinin which were higher and lasted considerably longer than those in horses vaccinated with conventional whole virus vaccine. ISCOMs induced complete immunoprotection in mice vaccinated with a dose of 1 microgram envelope glycoproteins of the mouse pathogenic strain A/PR/8/34 (H1N1).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / analysis*
  • Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
  • Hemagglutination Tests
  • Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Influenza Vaccines / immunology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Orthomyxoviridae / immunology*
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / immunology*

Substances

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Viral Envelope Proteins