External fixation is an essential tool in the management of high-energy pilon fractures. Reduction techniques using the external fixator and fixation constructs for use with external fixation as a part of stage management are reviewed. The concepts of external fixation with limited articular fixation is discussed. The use of circular external fixation in both acute management of high-energy pilon fractures, as well as the indications and technique for acute ankle arthrodesis as part of primary treatment of pilon fractures are outlined.
Keywords: Ankle; Arthrodesis; External fixation; Pilon fracture; Plafond.
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