Finding new edges: systems approaches to MTOR signaling

Biochem Soc Trans. 2021 Feb 26;49(1):41-54. doi: 10.1042/BST20190730.

Abstract

Cells have evolved highly intertwined kinase networks to finely tune cellular homeostasis to the environment. The network converging on the mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR) kinase constitutes a central hub that integrates metabolic signals and adapts cellular metabolism and functions to nutritional changes and stress. Feedforward and feedback loops, crosstalks and a plethora of modulators finely balance MTOR-driven anabolic and catabolic processes. This complexity renders it difficult - if not impossible - to intuitively decipher signaling dynamics and network topology. Over the last two decades, systems approaches have emerged as powerful tools to simulate signaling network dynamics and responses. In this review, we discuss the contribution of systems studies to the discovery of novel edges and modulators in the MTOR network in healthy cells and in disease.

Keywords: amino acids; computational models; mechanistic target of rapamycin; protein kinase B; signaling; systems biology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't