Performance of common genetic variants in risk prediction for colorectal cancer in Chinese: A two-stage and multicenter study

Genomics. 2021 May;113(3):867-873. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.01.025. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Abstract

The efficacy of susceptible variants derived from genome-wide association studies (GWAs) optimizing discriminatory accuracy of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese remains unclear. In the present validation study, we assessed 75 recently identified variants from GWAs. A risk predictive model combining 19 variants using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) statistics offered certain clinical advantages. This model demonstrated an area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC) of 0.61 during training analysis and yielded robust AUCs from 0.59 to 0.61 during validation analysis in three independent centers. The individuals carrying the highest quartile of risk score revealed over 2-fold risks of CRC (ranging from 2.12 to 2.90) compared with those who presented the lowest quartile of risk score. This genetic model offered the possibility of partitioning risk within the average risk population, which might serve as a first step toward developing individualized CRC prevention strategies in China.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer; Genetic variant; Risk prediction model.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asians / genetics
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genome-Wide Association Study*
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • ROC Curve
  • Risk Factors