The Effects of Pulmonary Risk Factors on Hospital Resource Use After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Correction

World Neurosurg. 2021 May;149:e737-e747. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2021.01.109. Epub 2021 Feb 3.


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preoperative pulmonary risk factors (PRFS) on surgical outcomes after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric database from 2016 to 2018. All pediatric patients with AIS undergoing PSF were identified. Patients were then categorized by whether they had recorded baseline PRF or no-PRF. Patient demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative variables, complications, length of stay, discharge disposition, and readmission rate were assessed.

Results: A total of 4929 patients were identified, of whom 280 (5.7%) had baseline PRF. Compared with the no-PRF cohort, the PRF cohort had higher rates of complications (PRF, 4.3% vs. no-PRF, 2.2%; P = 0.03) and longer hospital stays (PRF, 4.6 ± 4.3 days vs. no-PRF, 3.8 ± 2.3 days; P < 0.001), yet, discharge disposition was similar between cohorts (P = 0.70). Rates of 30-day unplanned readmission were significantly higher in the PRF cohort (PRF, 6.3% vs. no-PRF, 2.7%; P = 0.009), yet, days to readmission (P = 0.76) and rates of 30-day reoperation (P = 0.16) were similar between cohorts. On multivariate analysis, PRF was found to be a significant independent risk factor for longer hospital stays (risk ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval, 0.44-1.04; P < 0.001) but not postoperative complication or 30-day unplanned readmission.

Conclusions: Our study showed that PRF may be a risk factor for slightly longer hospital stays without higher rates of complication or unplanned readmission for patients with AIS undergoing PSF and thus should not preclude surgical management.

Keywords: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; Posterior spinal fusion; Pulmonary risk factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Hospitals / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Kyphosis / surgery
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Reoperation / adverse effects
  • Risk Factors
  • Scoliosis / surgery*
  • Spinal Fusion / adverse effects