Background: Movement disorders can be associated with or caused by hematological abnormalities. The objective of this review is to highlight features that will aid in the clinician's recognition and treatment of these disorders.
Methods: MESH terms relevant to movement disorders and hematologic diseases were searched to identify conditions included in this narrative, educational review.
Results: Several conditions were identified, and they were organized by hematologic categories to include red blood cell abnormalities, white blood cell abnormalities, disorders of clotting and bleeding, hematologic malignancies, and others.
Conclusions: This review will increase providers' understanding of disorders that include movement disorders and hematologic abnormalities. Basic hematologic laboratories can aid in assessment of these disorders, to include complete blood count/hemogram and peripheral blood smear. Recognition is key, especially in the setting of underlying malignancy, vitamin deficiency, or other disorder in which treatment is available.
Keywords: movement disorders, hematology, anemia, acanthocytes, thrombocytopenia.
© 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.