Exposure to four chemical UV filters through contaminated sediment: impact on survival, hatching success, cardiac frequency, and aerobic metabolic scope in embryo-larval stage of zebrafish

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Jun;28(23):29412-29420. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-12582-w. Epub 2021 Feb 8.


UV filters are widely used in many pharmaceutical and personal care products such as sunscreen and cosmetics to protect from UV irradiation. Due to their hydrophobic properties and relative stability, they have a high capacity to accumulate in sediment. Little information is available on their ecotoxicity on fish. In aquatic ecosystems, fish eggs could be directly affected by UV filters through contact with contaminated sediment. The aim of this study was to investigate the individual toxicity of four UV filters: benzophenone-3 (BP3), butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane (BM), bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine (BEMT), and methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethylbutylphenol (MBBT), in embryo-larval stages of zebrafish Danio rerio. Fish eggs were exposed to single UV filters by contact with spiked sediment during 96 h at a concentration of 10 μg g-1. Among the four UV filters tested, BP3 was the more toxic, reducing cardiac frequency and increasing standard metabolic rate of larvae.

Keywords: Artificial sediment; Danio rerio; Heart rate; Metabolic rate; Sub-lethal concentration; Sunscreen.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ecosystem
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Larva
  • Sunscreening Agents
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical* / analysis
  • Zebrafish*


  • Sunscreening Agents
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical