Choosing Wisely For Critical Care: The Next Five

Crit Care Med. 2021 Mar 1;49(3):472-481. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000004876.


Objectives: To formulate new "Choosing Wisely" for Critical Care recommendations that identify best practices to avoid waste and promote value while providing critical care.

Data sources: Semistructured narrative literature review and quantitative survey assessments.

Study selection: English language publications that examined critical care practices in relation to reducing cost or waste.

Data extraction: Practices assessed to add no value to critical care were grouped by category. Taskforce assessment, modified Delphi consensus building, and quantitative survey analysis identified eight novel recommendations to avoid wasteful critical care practices. These were submitted to the Society of Critical Care Medicine membership for evaluation and ranking.

Data synthesis: Results from the quantitative Society of Critical Care Medicine membership survey identified the top scoring five of eight recommendations. These five highest ranked recommendations established Society of Critical Care Medicine's Next Five "Choosing" Wisely for Critical Care practices.

Conclusions: Five new recommendations to reduce waste and enhance value in the practice of critical care address invasive devices, proactive liberation from mechanical ventilation, antibiotic stewardship, early mobilization, and providing goal-concordant care. These recommendations supplement the initial critical care recommendations from the "Choosing Wisely" campaign.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Decision-Making*
  • Consensus
  • Critical Care / standards*
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / standards
  • Quality of Health Care / standards*
  • Societies, Medical / standards