Alterations in nucleotide pools induced by 3-deazaadenosine and related compounds. Role of adenylate deaminase

Biochem Pharmacol. 1988 Apr 1;37(7):1233-44. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(88)90776-9.

Abstract

3-Deazaadenine, 3-deazaadenosine, and the carbocyclic analog of 3-deazaadenosine produced similar effects on nucleotide pools of L1210 cells in culture: each caused an increase in IMP and a decrease in adenine nucleotides and had no effect on nucleotides of uracil and cytosine. Concentrations of 50-100 microM were required to produce these effects. Although 3-deazaadenosine and carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine are known to be potent inhibitors of adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, the effects on nucleotide pools apparently are not mediated via this inhibition because they are also produced by the base, 3-deazaadenine, and because the concentrations required are higher than those required to inhibit the hydrolase. Cells grown in the presence of 3-deazaadenine or 3-deazaadenosine contained phosphates of 3-deazaadenosine (the mono- and triphosphates were isolated); from cells grown in the presence of the carbocyclic analog of 3-deazaadenosine, the monophosphate was isolated, but evidence for the presence of the triphosphate was not obtained. A cell-free supernatant fraction from L1210 cells supplemented with ATP catalyzed the formation of monophosphates from 3-deazaadenosine or carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine, and a cell-free supernatant fraction supplemented with 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) catalyzed the formation of 3-deaza-AMP from 3-deazaadenine. Adenosine kinase apparently was not solely responsible for the phosphorylation of the nucleosides because a cell line that lacked this enzyme converted 3-deazaadenosine to phosphates. No evidence was obtained that the effects on nucleotide pools resulted from a block of the IMP-AMP conversion, but the results could be rationalized as a consequence of increased AMP deaminase activity. This explanation is supported by two observations: (a) coformycin, an inhibitor of AMP deaminase, prevented the effects on nucleotide pools, and (b) 3-deazaadenine decreased the conversion of carbocyclic adenosine to carbocyclic ATP and increased its conversion to carbocyclic GTP. The latter conversion requires the action of AMP deaminase and the observed effects can be rationalized by a nucleoside analog-mediated increase in AMP deaminase activity. Because these effects on nucleotide pools are produced only by concentrations higher than those required to inhibit adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, they may not contribute significantly to the biological effects of 3-deazaadenosine or carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AMP Deaminase / physiology*
  • Adenine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenine / metabolism
  • Adenine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine Kinase / physiology
  • Alanine / analogs & derivatives
  • Alanine / pharmacology
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / pharmacology*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Coformycin / pharmacology
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Hypoxanthines / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Nucleotide Deaminases / physiology*
  • Nucleotides / analysis*
  • Time Factors
  • Tubercidin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tubercidin / metabolism
  • Tubercidin / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Hypoxanthines
  • Nucleotides
  • 3-deazaadenosine
  • Coformycin
  • alanosine
  • Hypoxanthine
  • 3-deazaadenine
  • carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine
  • Adenosine Kinase
  • Nucleotide Deaminases
  • AMP Deaminase
  • Adenine
  • Tubercidin
  • Alanine