Ultrasonographic features of uterine cervical lesions

Br J Radiol. 2021 May 1;94(1121):20201242. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20201242. Epub 2021 Feb 9.


Currently, ultrasound (US) is a valuable imaging tool for the initial assessment and evaluation of the female genital organs, uterus, and adnexa. However, it is easy to overlook the uterine cervix while conducting a pelvic US. Uterine cervical lesions may range from benign to malignant in nature. Therefore, meticulous examination with US may play a key role in assessing uterine cervical lesions. Although there is substantial overlap in the US findings across various uterine cervical lesions, some US features, in tandem with clinical characteristics, may suggest a specific diagnosis. Familiarity with the clinical settings and US characteristics of different uterine cervical lesions can support prompt and accurate diagnosis of suspicious lesions. This review article aims to describe the features of US and possible values for distinction of these lesions in the uterine cervix.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / diagnostic imaging
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Carcinoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Cervix Uteri / abnormalities
  • Cervix Uteri / anatomy & histology
  • Cervix Uteri / diagnostic imaging*
  • Child
  • Endometriosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Polyps / diagnostic imaging
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Ectopic / diagnostic imaging
  • Ultrasonography* / methods
  • Uterine Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Uterine Cervical Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Uterine Cervical Incompetence / diagnostic imaging
  • Uterine Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*