Caffeine clearance and biotransformation in patients with chronic liver disease

Clin Sci (Lond). 1988 Apr;74(4):377-84. doi: 10.1042/cs0740377.

Abstract

1. The clearance and biotransformation of caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) were investigated in eight healthy control subjects and 16 patients with cirrhosis, by measuring serial serum caffeine concentrations and recoveries of methylxanthine metabolites in urine for 48 h after a 400 mg oral caffeine load. 2. In the control group, the mean (+/- SD) serum caffeine clearance was 1.3 +/- 0.4 ml min-1 kg-1 and a mean of 56.4 +/- 16.5% of the administered caffeine was recovered from the urine over 48 h as methyluric acids and methylxanthines. The majority of the metabolites were excreted in the first 24 h period and only 2.0 +/- 1.4% of the administered caffeine was excreted unchanged. 3. Patients with compensated cirrhosis (n = 10) metabolized caffeine similarly to the control subjects. Thus the mean serum caffeine clearance was 1.4 +/- 1.2 ml min-1 kg-1 and a mean of 57.2 +/- 11.7% of the administered caffeine was recovered from the urine over 48 h. The majority of the metabolites were excreted in the first 24 h; the pattern of metabolic excretion was unaltered and only 2.2 +/- 0.9% of the administered caffeine was excreted unchanged. 4. In the patients with decompensated cirrhosis (n = 6), significant changes were observed in caffeine metabolism. The mean serum caffeine clearance (0.4 +/- 0.2 ml min-1 kg-1) was significantly impaired compared with controls (P less than 0.01) and a significant delay was observed in metabolite excretion in the urine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biotransformation
  • Caffeine / blood
  • Caffeine / pharmacokinetics*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis / blood
  • Liver Cirrhosis / metabolism*
  • Liver Cirrhosis / urine
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Uric Acid / urine
  • Xanthines / urine

Substances

  • Xanthines
  • Uric Acid
  • Caffeine