A Framework for Ethical Research and Innovation

Sci Eng Ethics. 2021 Feb 10;27(1):11. doi: 10.1007/s11948-021-00287-9.


In this contribution, we set out a framework for ethical research and innovation. Our framework draws upon recent scholarly work recommending the introduction of new models at the intersection of ethics, strategy, and science and technology studies to inform and explicate how the decisions of researchers can be considered ethical. Ethical research and innovation is construed in our framework as a dynamic process emerging from decisions of multiple stakeholders in innovation ecosystems prior to, during and after the execution of a research and innovation project. The framework can be used by different types of research organizations to implement governance models of ethical research and innovation.

Keywords: Ethical research and innovation; Research and innovation strategy; Responsible innovation; Responsible research and innovation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ecosystem*
  • Ethics, Research*
  • Humans
  • Research Personnel
  • Technology