Emicizumab reduces bleeding in patients with hemophilia A and inhibitors (PwHA-I). Coagulation potential during the perioperative period in emicizumab-treated PwHA-I undergoing surgery remains to be evaluated. We describe a 14-year-old boy with HA-I receiving emicizumab prophylaxis who experienced arthroscopic synovectomy. He was treated with a bolus infusion of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa; 80 μg/kg) immediately before surgery, and treatment continued at the same dose every 3 h on day 1, every 4 h on day 2, and every 6 h on day 3. Treatment with rFVIIa was discontinued on day 4. No perioperative bleeding or thrombotic events were observed. Coagulation potential throughout the perioperative period was retrospectively assessed with an easy-to-use clot waveform analysis (CWA). Measurements from CWA returned to within or near the normal range, suggesting successful hemostatic management. Coagulation potentials assessed by CWA showed a significant correspondence with those from a thrombin generation assay (TGA) that is already in use. CWA and TGA could both provide useful data for assessing coagulation potential in the perioperative hemostatic management of emicizumab-treated PwHA-I.
Keywords: Bispecific antibody; Blood coagulation factor inhibitors; Blood coagulation tests; Hemophilia A; Surgery.