Aims: To explore the effectiveness of a new perioperative practice model on anxiety and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty under spinal anaesthesia.
Design: A randomized clinical trial.
Methods: Control group participants (N = 222) received standard perioperative care, meaning they were cared for by various nurses during their perioperative process without postoperative visits. Intervention group participants (N = 231) were assigned one named anaesthesia nurse during their entire perioperative process who visited them postoperatively. Both groups responded to two self-reported questionnaires: the generic 15D health-related quality of life instrument and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) measuring anxiety two to three weeks pre-operatively and three months postoperatively.
Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the groups at baseline or at follow-up in health-related quality of life or anxiety.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02906033.
Keywords: anxiety; continuity; health-related quality of life; nursing; perioperative practice model; randomized clinical trial.
© 2021 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.