OpenContami: A web-based application for detecting microbial contaminants in next-generation sequencing data

Bioinformatics. 2021 Feb 12;37(18):3021-3022. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btab101. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Summary: Microorganisms infect and contaminate eukaryotic cells during the course of biological experiments. Because microbes influence host cell biology and may therefore lead to erroneous conclusions, a computational platform that facilitates decontamination is indispensable. Recent studies show that next-generation sequencing (NGS) data can be used to identify the presence of exogenous microbial species. Previously, we proposed an algorithm to improve detection of microbes in NGS data. Here, we developed an online application, OpenContami, which allows researchers easy access to the algorithm via interactive web-based interfaces. We have designed the application by incorporating a database comprising analytical results from a large-scale public dataset and data uploaded by users. The database serves as a reference for assessing user data and provides a list of genera detected from negative blank controls as a 'blacklist', which is useful for studying human infectious diseases. OpenContami offers a comprehensive overview of exogenous species in NGS datasets; as such, it will increase our understanding of the impact of microbial contamination on biological and pathological traits.

Availability: OpenContami is freely available at: https://openlooper.hgc.jp/opencontami/.

>supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.