Evaluation of pediatric procedural sedation education in pediatric emergency medicine fellowships

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Feb 12;100(6):e24690. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000024690.


Pediatric procedural sedation (PPS) is often performed outside of the operating room, and by various sub-specialty providers. There is no consistency in how pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows are trained in PPS. The objective of this study was to survey PEM program directors (PDs) and PEM fellows about their current sedation teaching practices via a direct survey. While many fellowship programs train PEM fellows in PPS, we hypothesize that there is no consistent method of developing and measuring this skill.A 12-question survey was sent to PEM PDs directly via email. A separate 17-question survey was sent to current PEM fellows via their program coordinators by email. Each survey had multiple choice, yes-no and select-all program questions. Responses were collected in an online (REDCap) database and summarized as frequencies and percentages.Based on identifiable email, 67 programs were contacted, with a PD response rate of 46 (59%). Sixty-two program coordinators were contacted based on identifiable email with 78 fellow responses. We noted that 11/46 PD respondents offer a formal PPS rotation. Thirty programs report using propofol in the emergency department and 93% of PD respondents (28/30) actively train fellows in the use of propofol. Approximately 62% of PEM fellow respondents (48/78) report sedating without any attending oversight. Twenty-eight percent of PEM fellow respondents report using simulation as a component of their sedation training.PPS is a critical skill. However, there is a lack of consistency in both education and evaluation of competency in this area. An organized PPS rotation would improve PPS case exposure and PPS skills.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesiology / education*
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous / therapeutic use
  • Clinical Competence / statistics & numerical data
  • Data Management
  • Education, Medical, Graduate / methods
  • Education, Medical, Graduate / statistics & numerical data*
  • Educational Status
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Fellowships and Scholarships / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency / standards
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine / education*
  • Program Evaluation / statistics & numerical data
  • Propofol / administration & dosage
  • Propofol / therapeutic use
  • Simulation Training / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Propofol