Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings were reviewed in 26 patients with tuberous sclerosis. All patients underwent CT; 16 patients underwent both. The CT features included subependymal nodules in 25 of 26 patients (96%) and calcifications in 23 of 26 (88%). Parenchymal hamartomas (cortical tubers) were seen in 23 of 26 patients (88%). These lesions had less attenuation than surrounding brain in 16 of 26 patients (62%) and were calcified in 14 of 26 patients (54%). Contrast enhancement of a lesion, indicating a subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, occurred in three of 26 patients (12%). The MR imaging characteristics included subependymal nodules (periventricular nodules) of intermediate signal intensity in ten of the 16 patients (63%). Parenchymal hamartomas, demonstrated in 15 of the 16 patients (94%), usually exhibited long T1 and T2 relaxation characteristics. The pattern was noted to be reversed in the two newborn patients (13%). One parent demonstrated a forme fruste at CT but had a normal MR image.