Purpose: The purpose of our study is to prove that the autologous scapular spine bone graft is an alternative for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability and the clinical and radiological results are promising.
Method: From July 2016 to August 2018, patients who were diagnosed as having anterior shoulder instability with subcritical (10%-15%) glenoid bone loss were treated by arthroscopic repair with autologous scapular spine bone graft. The inclusion criteria were (1) anterior shoulder instability underwent arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft; (2) glenoid bone loss was within 10% to 15% (measured by Sugaya's method); (3) three complete sets of computed tomography (CT) scans (preoperative, 1 week after surgery, and 1 year after surgery) available; and (4) clinical follow-up time was at least 2 years. The exclusion criteria were (1) concomitant rotator cuff tear; (2) concomitant remplissage or SLAP repair; (3) previous surgery of the affected shoulder; (4) open surgery; and (5) incomplete radiological or clinical follow-up. The preoperative and postoperative Constant-Murley score, dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and range of motion (ROM) were recorded. CT scans with 3-dimensional reconstruction were obtained at the first week after operation and at 1 year after operation; the graft resorption rate was consequently calculated.
Results: Twenty-seven patients were qualified and enrolled in the study. No severe complication was recorded during follow-up. No redislocation or subluxation was found, and the apprehension tests were all negative. At the last follow-up, the mean Constant-Murley score was 89.74 ± 3.71, the mean DASH score was 9.77 ± 5.31, the mean VAS score was 0.74 ± 0.64, which are all improved significantly compared with preoperative scores (P = .00,.00,.00, respectively). At the last follow-up, the ROM including anterior flexion, external rotation by side, and the internal rotation were well restored without significant difference compared with the contralateral shoulder (P =.48, .08, .47, respectively). At 1 year after operation, the resorption rate of the bone graft was 19.4%.
Conclusion: This study found that anterior shoulder instability with subcritical (10%-15%) glenoid bone loss treated with arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft with suture anchor fixation is safe and could achieve satisfactory result at short-term follow-up.
Level of evidence: Therapeutic case series.
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