Hereditary spastic paraplegia type 11: Clinicogenetic lessons from 339 patients

J Clin Neurosci. 2021 Mar:85:67-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2020.11.036. Epub 2021 Jan 15.


Hereditary spastic paraplegia type 11 (SPG11) is the most common subtype of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), to date, there are more than 181 different KIAA1840 gene mutations detected, and yet the genetic landscape of SPG11 is far from complete. To find the clinical and genetic characteristics of SPG11, we performed a reanalysis of the clinical features and genotype-phenotype correlations in all reported studies exhibiting SPG11 mutations. A total of 339 patients were collected, their mean age at onset was 13.10 ± 3.65 years, with initial symptoms like gait disturbance (107/195, 54.87%) and mental retardation (47/195, 24.10%). Cognitive decline (228/270, 84.44%) was the most common complex manifestation stepped by dysarthria (134/195, 68.72%), neuropathy (112/177, 63.28%), amyatrophy, sphincter disturbance (60/130, 46.15%) and ataxia (90/194, 46.39%). The most common brain MRI abnormality is thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) (173/190, 91.05%), followed by periventricular white matter changes (130/158, 82.28%), cerebral or cerebellar cortical atrophy (55/107, 51.40%). The mutational spectrum associated with KIAA1840 gene is wide, and frameshift mutations are the most common type followed by nonsense mutations. Our reanalysis demonstrated that SPG11 exhibited significant clinical and genetic heterogeneity, and no clear genotype-phenotype correlation was observed. There is no mutational hot spot in the KIAA1840 gene, which emphasizes the need to analyse the whole gene in clinical practice. In addition to conventional genetic testing methods, further mRNA analysis should be conducted on some cases to yield a definitive diagnosis.

Keywords: Brain MRI; Genotype-phenotype correlation; Hereditary spastic paraplegia; KIAA1840; Mutation; SPG11.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age of Onset
  • Child
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary* / complications
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary* / genetics
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary* / pathology


  • Proteins
  • SPG11 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Spastic paraplegia 11, autosomal recessive