A Split-face, Controlled Study to Assess the Compatibility of Tretinoin 0.05% Acne Lotion with Facial Foundation Makeup

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2020 Oct;13(10):E53-E58. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess compatibility of tretinoin 0.05% acne lotion with foundation makeup. DESIGN: This was a single-center, evaluator-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Participants were randomized to apply tretinoin 0.05% lotion to either the right or left side of the face before applying full-face foundation makeup. SETTING: Participants were enrolled at a single center in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Female individuals aged 18 to 50 years who used facial foundation makeup ≥5 days per week were included. MEASUREMENTS: Investigator-assessed grading for foundation coverage and participant evaluations of makeup appearance were conducted at post-makeup application (Post-Makeup) and Hour 6 (6H) timepoints. Antera 3D® images were taken for skin texture roughness analysis and tolerability evaluations were performed at baseline, post-tretinoin application, Post-Makeup, and 6H timepoints. RESULTS: A total of 30 participants were enrolled and 29 completed the study. There were no significant differences between tretinoin treated and untreated sides for any outcomes of investigator-assessed grading of foundation (percentage coverage, blotchiness, overall coverage, skin tone evenness, visual smoothness). There was a small but statistically significant worsening in percent coverage at 6H versus Post-Makeup on the untreated side, but not the treated side. As rated by participants, even/full coverage and skin smoothness were significantly better on the tretinoin-lotion treated versus the untreated side. Three-dimensional imaging showed there were no significant differences in skin roughness between the treated and untreated sides. Participants reported overall satisfaction with the tretinoin lotion-treated side. CONCLUSION: Tretinoin 0.05% lotion did not interfere with facial makeup application or wearability and was well tolerated.

Keywords: Retinoid; acne; foundation; lotion; makeup; tretinoin.