TGM6 might not be a specific causative gene for spinocerebellar ataxia resulting from genetic analysis and functional study

Gene. 2021 May 5:779:145495. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2021.145495. Epub 2021 Feb 13.


Objective: To investigate whether TGM6 is a specific causative gene for spinocerebellar ataxia type 35 (SCA35).

Materials and methods: The next-generation sequencing (NGS) data consisted of 47 SCA, 762 non-SCA patients and 2827 normal controls were analyzed. The allele frequencies of low frequent and deleterious TGM6 variants were compared. Functional studies were performed in five widely distributed variants (V314M, R342Q, P347L, V391M, L517W).

Results: Two TGM6 detrimental variants were identified in one SCA patient, 14 in non-SCA patients and 43 in normal controls, the allele frequencies of TGM6 variants did not differ among the SCA and other controls. Seven reported pathogenic variants (c.7 + 1G > T, c.331C > T, c.1171G > A, c.1478C > T, c.1528G > C, c.1550 T > G and c.1722_1724delAGA) were identified in patients with various neurologic diseases or normal controls. All the 5 widely distributed variants led to destabilization and significantly reduction of enzymatic activity of TG6 as the reported pathogenic mutations.

Conclusions: TGM6 might not be a specific causative gene for SCA35, the relevant clinical consult or diagnostic should be pay more attention.

Keywords: Causative gene; Functional study; Genetic analysis; Spinocerebellar ataxia; TGM6.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxias / etiology
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxias / genetics*
  • Transglutaminases / genetics*
  • Transglutaminases / metabolism


  • TGM6 protein, human
  • Transglutaminases