Although genetic factors are involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the significance of genetic analysis in clinical settings is unclear. Forty-nine subjects diagnosed with non-syndromic ASD were analyzed by microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis, whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis, and panel sequencing analysis for 52 common causative genes of ASD to detect inherited rare variants. Genetic analysis by microarray CGH and WES analyses showed conclusive results in about 10% of patients, however, many inherited variants detected by panel sequencing analysis were difficult to interpret and apply in clinical practice in the majority of patients. Further improvement of interpretation of many variants detected would be necessary for combined genetic tests to be used in clinical settings.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder; Genetic analysis; Microarray comparative genomic hybridization; Whole-exome sequencing.
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