Objective: The outcomes of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in octogenarians and nonagenarians have received limited study.
Methods: We compared in-hospital outcomes of CTO PCI between patients ≥80 vs. <80-years-old in 6233 CTO PCIs performed between 2012 and 2020 at 33 U.S. and international centers.
Results: There were 415 octogenarians and nonagenarians in our study (7% of the total population). Compared with younger patients, octo- and nonagenarians were less likely to be men (73% vs. 83.2%, p < 0.0001) and more likely to have atrial fibrillation (27% vs. 12%, p < 0.0001) and prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (43% vs. 29%, p < 0.0001). They were more likely to have CTOs with moderate/severe calcification (71% vs. 46%, p < 0.0001), but had similar mean J-CTO scores (2.5 ± 1.3 vs. 2.4 ± 1.3, p = 0.08). They had lower technical and procedural success (82.2% vs. 86.3%, p = 0.0201; 80.3% vs. 84.8%, p = 0.016, respectively) and higher incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (3.4% vs. 1.8%, p = 0.021). On multivariable analysis PCI in octo- and nonagenarians was not independently associated with technical and procedural success or with in-hospital MACE.
Conclusion: CTO PCI is feasible in octo- and nonagenarians, although success rates are lower, and the risk of complications is higher compared with younger patients, likely related to more comorbidities and higher coronary lesion complexity.
Keywords: chronic total occlusion; octogenarians; percutaneous coronary intervention.
© 2021 The American Geriatrics Society.