Purpose: To identify novel technologies pertinent to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of ischemic stroke, and recommend the technologies that show the most promise in advancing ischemic stroke care.
Method: A systematic literature search on PubMed and Medscape was performed. Articles were assessed based on pre-determined criteria. Included journal articles were evaluated for specific characteristics and reviewed according to a structured paradigm. A search on www.clinicaltrials.gov was performed to identify pre-clinical ischemic stroke technological interventions. All clinical trial results were included. An additional search on PubMed was conducted to identify studies on robotic neuroendovascular procedures.
Results: Thirty journal articles and five clinical trials were analyzed. Articles were categorized as follows: six studies pertinent to pre-morbidity and prevention of ischemic stroke, three studies relevant to the diagnosis of ischemic stroke, 16 studies about post-ischemic stroke rehabilitation, and five studies on robotic neuroendovascular interventions.
Conclusions: Novel technologies across the spectrum of ischemic stroke care were identified, and the ones that appear to have the most clinical utility are recommended. Future investigation of the feasibility and long-term efficacy of the recommended technologies in clinical settings is warranted.
Keywords: Devices; Ischemic stroke; Novel intervention; Technology.