MEF2A-mediated lncRNA HCP5 Inhibits Gastric Cancer Progression via MiR-106b-5p/p21 Axis

Int J Biol Sci. 2021 Jan 16;17(2):623-634. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.55020. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are deemed to be relevant to the tumorigenesis and development of a variety of tumors, containing gastric cancer (GC). The purpose of our investigations is to explore the character of HCP5 in GC. Methods: HCP5 expression was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in 62 matched GC tissues and corresponding para-carcinoma tissues. In vitro and in vivo functional assays were subjected to verify the biological effects of HCP5 after alteration of HCP5. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (CHIP) assays were conducted to confirm that myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) could bind to HCP5 promoter regions and thereby induce HCP5 expression. Analysis of the latent binding of miR-106b-5p to HCP5 and p21 was made by bioinformatics prediction and luciferase reporter assays. Results: Significant downregulation of HCP5 was detected in GC tissues. Negative correlation was determined between HCP5 expression level and tumor size and overall survival in GC patients. HCP5 depletion had a facilitating impact on proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells. Consistently, overexpression of HCP5 came into an opposite effect. Moreover, we demonstrated that MEF2A could combine with the promoter region of HCP5 and thereby induce HCP5 transcription. Luciferase reporter assays revealed that HCP5 could compete with miR-106b-5p as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) and upregulated p21 expression in GC. Conclusions: MEF2A-mediated HCP5 could exert an anti-tumor effect among the development of GC via miR-106b-5p/p21 axis, which provides a novel target for GC therapy.

Keywords: Competing endogenous RNA; Gastric Cancer.; HCP5; MEF2A; miR-106b-5p/p21 axis.