Metastasis-Directed Radiotherapy for Oligoprogressive Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Recurrence Revealed by Choline PET/CT

Case Rep Oncol. 2021 Jan 14;14(1):13-16. doi: 10.1159/000512068. eCollection 2021 Jan-Apr.


We report a 49-year-old male with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with oligometastasis diagnosed by 11C-choline positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) and treated with target radiotherapy. In the diagnosis of CRPC (serum prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level of 6.53 ng/mL after maximum androgen blockade (MAB) therapy, high-dose brachytherapy, and external beam radiotherapy), 11C-choline PET/CT detected one tiny obturator lymph node metastasis which fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT could not detect. He underwent intensity-modulated radiation therapy and MAB was restarted. The PSA value decreased and reached nadir (0.091 ng/mL) after 6 months. The time to PSA progression was 10 months. The choline PET/CT finding and the corresponding local treatment could play an important role in the management sequence of oligoprogressive CRPC.

Keywords: Castration-resistant prostate cancer; Choline PET/CT; Oligometastasis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports