Introduction: The aim of this study was to perform a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) analysis on the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on survival among patients with prostate ductal adenocarcinoma (DA), a rare variant of prostate cancer.
Patients and methods: Cases of T1 to 4 N0 M0 prostate DA diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 were extracted from SEER. The association between categorical variables and radiation therapy was assessed for statistical significance using the χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Difference in continuous variables across the RT groups was assessed for statistical significance using the 2-sample t test or non-parametric test. The distribution of overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) between the RT groups was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log rank test and after propensity matching. The association between hazards of death (HR) and covariates was examined using Cox proportional hazards model. A 2-sided P-value of .05 was used to determine statistical significance.
Results: A total of 205 patients met inclusion criteria. On univariate analysis, RT was associated with significant improvement in OS and DSS. On multivariate Cox regression, RT significantly decreased risk of death for both OS and DSS (HR, 0.516; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.273-0.978 and HR, 0.232; 95% CI, 0.082-0.658, respectively). After propensity score matching, RT demonstrated a persistent improvement in both OS and DSS.
Conclusions: RT decreased risk of death for both OS and DSS in patients with node-negative, nonmetastatic prostate DA on multivariable analysis. RT was also associated with improved OS and DSS after propensity matching.
Keywords: Epidemiology; Prognosis; Radiation; SEER; Treatment.
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