A novel Gram-stain-negative, coccus-shaped, aerobic and motile bacterial strain, designated S12M18T, was isolated from the gut of the Korean turban shell, Turbo cornutus. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain S12M18T belonged to the genus Pseudorhodobacter and had the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity twith Pseudorhodobacter aquimaris HDW-19T (98.63 %). The phylogenomic tree congruently verified that strain S12M18T occupies a taxonomic position within the genus Pseudorhodobacter. The OrthoANIu value between strain S12M18T and P. aquimaris HDW-19T was 87.22 %. The major cellular fatty acid of strain S12M18T was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or C18 : 1 ω6c). The major components of the polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The DNA G＋C content was 57.8 mol%. The polyphasic analyses indicated that strain S12M18T represents a novel species of the genus Pseudorhodobacter, for which the name Pseudorhodobacter turbinis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S12M18T (=KCTC 62742T=JCM 33168T).
Keywords: Alphaproteobacteria; Pseudorhodobacter; phylogenomic tree.