Chronic pancreatitis (CP) should be suspected in the case of recurrent upper abdominal pain of unknown origin and/or clinical signs of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). Alcohol is the most common etiological factor associated with CP, others being smoking, male gender, and hereditary forms. CP is often associated with recurrent episodes of acute exacerbations.As of today, there is no accepted clinical definition of CP. However, irreversible morphological changes within the pancreas often occur, including dilatation of the main and branch pancreatic ducts, calcifications in ducts and parenchyma, parenchymal atrophy, and development of pseudocysts, though less so in the early phase of CP.
Keywords: Chronic pancreatitis; Sweden; guidelines.